This website uses cookies. Continue browsing if you consent to this, or view our privacy policy.

New code aims to make farm rent negotiations fairer

Bob McIntosh

In his latest blog, the Tenant Farming Commissioner explores a step-by-step approach to conducting rent reviews in his latest Code of Practice, and reminds everyone of the upcoming deadline for the waygo amnesty.

Reaching agreement on the appropriate rent for an agricultural holding is one of the key interactions that take place regularly between landlords and tenants, and their agents. 

If handled well, it is a process that will result in an outcome that both parties are broadly satisfied with. However, if not properly handled, rent reviews can be a source of dispute and disagreement that leaves one party or the other angry and disgruntled and that risks permanently souring the relationship between landlord and tenant.  

That’s why I’ve published a new TFC Code of Practice on Conducting Rent Reviews with a clear and practical, step-by-step approach to conducting a rent review.

The Code is designed to help tenants and landlords reach agreement via transparent and objective consideration of all the relevant facts and circumstances. 

The new Code describes the key principles that should underpin a rent review. Perhaps the most important of these is that rent reviews must be conducted as a negotiation and not as ‘take it or leave it’ approach. It offers practical guidelines on how to initiate and conduct a rent review including a suggested timetable for negotiations and valid sources of evidence that should be used to underpin a review. It also includes suggestions on how to resolve disagreements between the parties and how parties can make a complaint about breaches of the Code. The Code states that rent must only be charged on land and fixed equipment provided by the landlord and must ignore any potential income contribution attributable to improvements and fixtures provided by the tenant. It’s also important that proposals and counter proposals contain sufficient detail to enable each party to understand and verify the other’s calculations. And in situations where comparable rents are offered as evidence, they must be appropriately adjusted to account for differences between the comparison holding and the holding where the rent is under review.

The Code also sets out the relevant factors that should be considered in rent reviews, alongside those that should be disregarded.

For example, factors such as the current economic conditions in the relevant sector of agriculture, and any increase in the rental value of the holding resulting from the use of the land for a non-agricultural purpose, should be considered.

However, other factors can be disregarded, including any distortion in rent due to scarcity of lets and improvements carried out by the landlord for which they have already, or will, receive a grant towards. 

Put simply, rent is only payable in respect of the land and fixed equipment provided by the landlord, whether at the start of the lease or later. If such work was grant aided from public funds, rent cannot be charged on it. Where the cost of an improvement is shared between landlord and tenant, rent can be charged on the landlord’s share.

It follows therefore that a rent review must be informed by a full understanding of the extent of tenants’ improvements and fixtures not belonging to the landlord.

At the end of the day, the aim is to determine the rent at which the holding might reasonably be expected to be let in the open market by a willing landlord to a willing tenant after taking account of certain factors.

Download a copy of the new Code, and further useful guidance on conducting rent reviews in Scotland can be found in ‘A Practitioners Guide to Scottish Agricultural Rent Reviews,’ a joint CAAV, SAAVA and RICS publication which can be purchased from CAAV. A summary version is available from the CAAV website

Amnesty: final reminder

There are only a few days left in which to sign an amnesty agreement ahead of the 12 December deadline.

I would urge all landlords and tenants to ensure that they have a signed agreement covering all the improvements where there is no dispute, leaving only those where there is disagreement to be the subject of a formal amnesty notice.

If it is clear that it is not going to be possible to reach agreement on any or all items before 12 December, tenants will have to decide whether to submit a formal amnesty notice setting out the items which they are claiming are eligible for consideration for compensation at waygo, and why it is considered that they are eligible. A proforma amnesty notice is available on the Land Commission website. Landlords and tenants can of course agree to continue discussions beyond 12 December without the need for an amnesty notice, but tenants will be taking the risk that if agreements can’t be reached the ability to use the amnesty provisions will have been lost.

Once an amnesty notice is issued, a landlord has two months within which to object to any of the items claimed – that should provide the extra time needed to hopefully reach agreement without the issue having to go all the way to the Land Court.

For more information about the amnesty, visit or get in touch on 01463 423 300 or email

Hay bales in a field (Courtesy of Rural Matters)